Saturday, March 14, 2020

The eNotes Blog 10 Black Authors You Need to Read RightNow

10 Black Authors You Need to Read RightNow Black History Month is an annual celebration of African American achievements and contributions to US history, arts, culture, and literature. Authors like Frederick Douglass and Maya Angelou helped pave the way for many black voices and inspired numerous individuals to contribute to the cultural narrative. While we remember all black authors who have left their legacy on the pages of our nation, it is the contemporary authors were extra excited to watch, for they are the new voices of a generation demanding social, political, and ethical reform. We’ve come up with a list of ten black authors that picked up the pen to continue to shape the narrative while offering a fresh, insightful perspective on the current climate of our contemporary culture. Photo via Brittle Paper   1. Yaa Gyasi †¨ As a shy child of an immigrant family, Gyasi often turned to books as her source of companionship while growing up in Huntsville, Alabama. She earned a BA in English at Stanford University and later went on to receive an MFA from the prestigious Iowa Writers’ Workshop at the University of Iowa. It was during her time in Iowa that Gyasi dove into crafting her debut novel, Homegoing, an emotionally powerful work of historical fiction inspired by the author’s visit to her home country of Ghana in 2009. The highly acclaimed novel has dominated best-seller charts, won numerous honors, and has been praised by esteemed authors all around the world.  Gyasi  worked on her book for seven years, examining the history of slavery in both Ghana and the United States to establish an understanding of where modern-day racial tensions have been derived from. Gyasi credits her writing to many conversations she has had with herself, involving personal identity and its relation to her h eritage. While Gyasi is still relishing the success of her first novel, she has hinted at the start of a second book. As readers anxiously await her future works, it is safe to say that this is only the beginning for Yaa Gyasi. Photo via The Pool 2. Zadie Smith British novelist, short-story writer, and essayist Zadie Smith became a sensation in the literary world with her debut novel, White Teeth, back in 2000 when she was only twenty-four years old. The book won numerous awards for its portrayal of a contemporary, multicultural London told through the eyes of three ethnically diverse families. Smith initially attracted attention from the publishing world while she was producing short stories and essays while earning an English degree at Cambridge University in the late nineties. As a university student, she was offered a six-figure advance for her first two books. A generous advance for such a young, unknown writer created much controversy, ultimately putting her name in the media before her book was even published. Smith went on to publish four more novels:  The Autograph Man (2002), On Beauty (2005), NW (2012), and Swing Time (2016). As an innovative young writer and a woman of mixed race, Smith has become a symbol of a new multiethnic strain of British writing, exploring the blurred lines among ethnic boundaries in contemporary urban life. Photo via The New York Times 3.   Ta-Nehisi Coates National correspondent for The Atlantic, Ta-Nehisi Coates is a writer often criticized for his exploration and opinion on modern cultural, social, and political issues. The Beautiful Struggle: A Father, Two Sons, and an Unlikely Road to Manhood (2008) was Coates’s debut coming-of-age memoir that recounts his experience growing up in a violent West Baltimore. His second book and winner of the National Book Award, Between the World and Me (2015), found a comfortable place on various bestseller lists due to its relevance in a time of frequent, prominent racial incidents in the United States. While attending Howard University in the mid-nineties, Coates became friends with a student named Prince Jones, who was shot to death in 2000 by an undercover police officer. Jones’s death became a symbol of police brutality, presumed racial profiling, and the faded promise of the black-led government of a majority-black country. This event was one of many that influenced Coates in developing narratives that voiced concerns for future generations about the modern black experience in this country. Perhaps the most captivating aspect about Coates’s writing is his ability to combine his personal anecdotes into a historical analysis revealing the lack of progress we’ve made in regards to race relations in the United States. Coates continues to write about the nation’s most contested issues, especially in the current political climate. Above all he is an advocate for change, using his platform to illuminate domestic issues that have been overlooked and ignored for centuries. Photo via The MacArthur Foundation 4. Jesmyn Ward The first woman to win two National Book Awards for fiction, Jesmyn Ward should be on all bookworm radars. Her literary debut was back in 2006 with her first novel, Where the Line Bleeds, but it wasn’t until 2011 when she really got her big break with her award-winning novel  Salvage the Bones. This past year, Ward added a second National Book Award to her resume with her highly applauded novel Sing, Unburied, Sing, which shares the fictional experience of a black family living in a rural Gulf Coast town. Her other published novels include Men We Reaped (2013) and The Fire This Time (2016). Ward’s writing often parallels her own experiences of growing up on food stamps in rural Mississippi while being the only black girl in a private school, paid for by her mother’s employer. Her writing pays homage to the culture of her hometown, exploring what it means to be poor and black in the deep South. Her lyrical storytelling entwines her carefully crafted characters into a universal narrative of systemic racism and the black experience in the United States. Currently an associate English professor at Tulane University, Ward continues to write with hopes of publishing two more novels within the next year. Photo via The Wall Street Journal 5. Paul Beatty The first American writer to be awarded the 2016 Man Booker Award for his novel The Sellout (2015), Paul Beatty is a poet and novelist that often uses humor to juxtapose the unpleasant realities of being black in the United States. In the late nineties, Beatty was crowned the first ever Grand Poetry Slam Champion of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe, to which he was awarded a book deal that resulted in his first volume of poetry, Big Bank Take Little Bank (1991). This was followed by another book of poetry  Joker, Joker, Deuce (1994) and then his first novel, The White Boy Shuffle (1996). Beatty went on to release three more books- Tuff (2000), Slumberland (2008), and The Sellout (2015)- and also edited Hokum: An Anthology of African-American Humor (2006). Beatty is a thoughtful, dynamic writer aiming to make his readers laugh while confronting uncomfortable, yet undeniable, truths. While The Sellout continues to remain one of the most talked about books of the 21st century, it does not mark the pinnacle of Beatty’s literary career. The author currently teaches writing at Columbia University and is expected to publish a few more works within the upcoming year. Photo via Konbini 6. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Chances are you’ve heard Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s voice before- her 2012 Ted Talk â€Å"We Should All Be Feminists† practically broke the internet with over four-million views and was sampled in Beyonce’s 2013 hit â€Å"Flawless.† Shes undeniably become a defining voice on race and gender in contemporary culture. At nineteen, Adichie abandoned the societal and familial expectations of a medical career and moved to the United States to pursue her dreams of becoming a writer. By the time she was twenty-one, Adichie had already published a collection of poetry, Decisions (1997), and a play, For Love of Biafra (1998). Since the beginning of her literary career, Adichie has explored themes of religion, politics, and love while intertwining a history lesson of the problems that have plagued her home country for centuries. Thus far, Adichie has also published three novels: Purple Hibiscus (2003), Half of a Yellow Sun (2006), and Americanah (2013). She often uses female protagonists to explore what it means to be a woman, preserving her culture in the United States. Her books appear on thousands of required reading lists nationwide; therefore, it’s safe to say that Adichie is becoming a household name. Photo via Princeton University 7. Colson Whitehead New York native Colson Whitehead is a writer difficult to place in one single category. Over the past eighteen years, his work has spanned across a variety of genres, including speculative fiction, magical realism, and even an apocalyptic-zombie novel. It was Whitehead’s debut novel, The Intuitionist (1999), that earned him a spot on so many readers’ watch lists. He went on to publish five more novels, all of which earned various congratulatory honors and awards. Arguably his most notable work, The Underground Railroad (2016), an allegorical history novel that explores the progress of black rhetoric in the United States, won the 2016 National Book Award for Fiction and the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. What makes Whitehead such a compelling author is the diversity of his work. He is able to produce a range of quality works that influence an expansive readership. His arsenal of literary works also encompasses short stories, essays, and works of nonfiction, all examples of the multiplicity of his craft. So what’s next for Colson Whitehead? While he continues to publish various essays and content online, rumor has it that Barry Jenkins, director of the Oscar-winning film Moonlight, is teaming up with the author in hopes of producing The Underground Railroad into a drama for Amazon. Photo via Rolling Stone 8. Roxane Gay The â€Å"Bad Feminist† herself, Roxane Gay is best known for her essays and cultural criticism that explore the intersectionality of sexuality, power, gender, and identity. Many consider Gay an â€Å"overnight sensation,† but that’s not necessarily the case. Gay published a short-story collection Ayiti (2011), then two books in 2014: the novel An Untamed State and the essay collection Bad Feminist (2014). It was Bad Feminist that made a splash on the national stage and what many credit as Gay’s rise to fame. This past year, Gay published Difficult Women (2017) and a memoir titled Hunger (2017). Her writing is unapologetic, relatable, and vulnerable, which is why so many young women are drawn to her work. She breaks the barriers between a traditional reader-author relationship to craft a tone that sounds like a longtime friend. During this cultural movement of truth, it’s the honesty of Gay’s work that reassures readers that they are not in this fight alone. Gay is currently an associate professor of English at Purdue University, a  contributing writer at The New York Times, the founder of Tiny Hardcore Press, and the editor of various online publications.  Her next book, How To Be Heard, was scheduled to be released in 2018, but after pulling her book from Simon Schuster  due to their (now terminated) book deal with Milo Yiannopoulos, we’ll have to wait and see. One thing we know for sure is that Roxane Gay has a lot more to say- and we are all ears. Photo via Mass Appeal 9. Marlon James Coming to America with $200 in cash and the promise of a one-year teaching position, Marlon James left everything he knew in Jamaica for a new beginning in Minnesota. The author of three novels- John Crows Devil (2005), The Book of Night Women (2009), and A Brief History of Seven Killings (2014)- it took a while for James to obtain the recognition he deserved upon his induction into the literary world. His first novel, John Crow’s Devil, was rejected nearly 80 times before being accepted for publication. James contemplated giving up writing after the flop of his first novel, but it was the unexpected success of his third novel that is credited with his rise to fame. A Brief History of Seven Killings, which tells a fictional history of the attempted murder of Bob Marley in 1976, made Marlon James the first Jamaican writer to in the Man Booker Prize of 2015. The novel ignited some controversy over the picture it painted of Jamaica, yet HBO is said to be creating a series based on the highly acclaimed novel. In many ways, James is a symbol of hope for all the aspiring writers navigating the waters of their voices and the stories they want to share with the world. He has also brought a new wave of recognition to the diversity amongst Caribbean writers that have traditionally only been looked at in the realms of poetry. The author has indicated that his next project will be a fantasy series titled Black Leopard, Red Wolf that he compares to an  Ã¢â‚¬Å"African Game of Thrones. Photo via Oprah.com 10. Toni Morrison One of the greatest literary minds of our time, there is no denying that Toni Morrison is a legendary figure of American literature. She is the first African American woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in recognition of her achievements as a novelist and outstanding talent as a writer. Thus far in her career, Morrison has been awarded countless honors, published ten novels, a play, and various works of nonfiction. Though she published her first two novels, The Bluest Eyes (1970) and Sula (1973), in the early seventies, it was her third novel, Song of Solomon  (1977), that set her literary career ablaze. Song of Solomon became the first work by an African-American author to be a featured selection in the Book of the Month club since Native Son by Richard Wright. However, it is Beloved (1987) that was the winner of the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and has been praised as Morrison’s greatest literary masterpiece. The story is a haunting and heartbreaking exploration of slavery and immediately became a huge commercial success. Morrison is a gifted storyteller, and her ability to capture the ethos of the racial dichotomy in the United States is truly remarkable. She gracefully illustrates her narratives through the different lenses of her characters, exploring the complexities of their individual experience and how they contribute to a universal theme. The impact of Morrison’s work is innumerable and should never be confined solely to progress for black authors or black women. Her influence expands beyond racial, class, and cultural boundaries to motivate social change for the sake of future generations and their experiences.   We celebrate all black authors, past and present, that have captured the voice of our nation. Their honesty and courage continue to inspire others to share their stories, embrace diversity, and promote conversations that are necessary for change. Do you want to learn more about these authors and their other literary works? Check out  Ã‚  to find detailed biographies of your favorite authors alongside full summaries and study guides!

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Appeal letter Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Appeal letter - Essay Example atments (December 2007, October 2008) iontotherapy 2008) inhalations (2008) antibiotic treatments ( November 2006, April 2007, October 2007, December 2007, February 2008, October 2008, April 2009, May 2009) and iontotherapy with 2 % calcium chloride and vaccine (2009) with situations when the first antibiotic series evidently failed to eliminate the problem and my ailment continued and resultantly had to visit one after another of the specialists. During this time I was repeatedly infected by bacteria: beta-h(a)emolytic streptococcus c, examinations carried out in 2007, 2008 and 2009, and thus had to take prescribed antibiotics (evidence provided). Throughout the period I had to travel back and forth between a number of physicians and health advisors which considerably drained my energies embalming which was vitally important to succeed in the program. For instance when I was first taken ill on __________ I had to go visit. Then again from there I had to go to _(name of doc)________ in _(location)_ As instances of the negative effect this had on my studies I consider courses, where part of the assessment was a group presentation, poster presentation or group reports and where I faced difficulties to attend group meetings and group work. Because of recurrence of infections I could afford less flexibility which in turn affected the aggregative performance of the group. I would thus argue that my performance was constrained by an unfortunately recurrent state of ill-health which prevented me from realizing my potential. I am convinced that if I did not have to go through the harrowing experience of continuously trying my level best all the while recognizing that my performance was being rendered sub-optimal by factors entirely beyond my control, I would have secured better grades. I do believe this strongly since I know how committed I have been to putting in the most sincere efforts which are reflected strongly in the following grades that I acquired in spite of

Monday, February 10, 2020

Organisational Change Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words - 8

Organisational Change Management - Essay Example These are the challenges that the organisation face when they do not plan their change program (Flamholtz, and Randle, 2008). Generally it has been noticed that the flawed decisions of the management are responsible for creation of such barriers. However, in case of this study, the change process would be viewed from the perspective of 5D AI method. The AI method comprises of 5D, namely, 1) Define, 2) Discover, 3) Dream, 4) Design, and 5) Deliver. However, before discussing the case study of D2, the basis of AI model has to be understood, so that the readers can understand how this model would be useful in meeting the objectives of the study. The model of AI is based on the hypothesis that the question that is generally asked by someone, focus towards a particular direction (Armenakis, and Harris, 2009). Other methods evaluate and assess the situation and propose solutions on the basis of the deficiency model. Generally it has been noticed that changes and other prerequisites related to changes are seen as a challenge in the deficiency model, while AI model consider it as a deficiency and it takes an alternative approach (Bauer, 2011; Barry, 1997). Through this process change becomes easy and all the members in the organisation gets motivated and also understand the importance of change and value that it might add. Appreciative Inquiry AI approach in change management is different from simple problem solving method. Problem solving begins with the identification of the problem, while this model begins with appreciation, and identifying the best things in the system. Problem solving analysis the cause of the problem, which AI envisions what should have been the cases, which reveals a positive attitude again.... This essay stresses that challenges are faced during unplanned as well as planned change. It is a wrong notion that leaders do not face challenge if they go for plan change in their organisation. Firstly, resistance from employees even before the change process is implemented is a major challenge in both cases. Even in D2 the leaders will face the resistance when they will disclose their decisions to the employees. The leaders in the organisation have a critical role to play in this situation, as they need to prepare the people of D2 UK plant for the change. In case of unplanned change, the leaders do not have a step wise strategy to deliver the change process. To some extent the change decisions of D2 is an example of an unplanned change. This paper makes a conclusion that during the change process leaders will faces complex situations, where they might face hindrance. For example the employees at France or Spain might resist accepting employees from UK plant, and work with them. If the company plans to relocate the employees then they need to be provided the due facilities to those human resource too, which the company should consider in to their relocation cost. Teams in UK plant of D2 can take up responsibility to identify solution for different issues. Employees in the plant can even come up with excellent ideas to revive the plant at UK, rather than relocating, without increasing the cost further. This might drive the management to change their decision of closing the UK plant.

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Physiology of Aging Essay Example for Free

Physiology of Aging Essay Physiology of aging is two different terms with a common meaning. That is, the aging processes. The term ‘physiology’ is defined by White (2008) as â€Å"the biological study of the processes and activities of the working parts and systems in the human body† (p. 8). Aging on the other hand simply refers to accumulation of age. Thus, in a sense, physiology of aging refers to the natural processes of the human body as it accumulates more years of existence. This processes according to Rastogi (2001) is â€Å"characterized by deterioration of several functions†¦and its rate occurs at different times† (p. 519). Physiology aging therefore Based on the definitions of White and Rastogi, it appears that physiology is a process that facilitates changes in the physical body including â€Å"how we look,† or how we act in response to the pressures of daily living. In other words, physiologic aging is the gradual process of physical changes towards a weak and aging physical body. On the question whether evidence-based methods slows down physiologic aging, it appears that it is not the case because there is no solid findings that categorically affirms it indeed slow down physiologic aging . Although there are some benefits to the physical body, Bluestone gave no indication that the method could slowdown physiologic aging. Evidence based methods however provide effective treatment for various diseases especially stress burn disease such as â€Å"coronary heart diseases† (p. 106), high blood pressures, and so on through its various approaches that relaxes the body. Going back to the definition of physiology and aging, physiologic aging is a process of getting old that is always accompanied by the deterioration not only of functions but also of body cells. In this case, there are clearly no alternatives to slow down physiologic aging, as aging is a normal process that might be hasten but may not slowed down. As I observe on various adult individuals, I noticed that many of them suffers from various diseases such arthritis, dementia, and rheumatic diseases. According to Enguidanus (2006), evidence-based practice that â€Å"provides a vehicle for providers to deliver high quality services to their older and frail, clients, helping them to preserve or restore function, maintain or improve physical and mental health status, and prevent or delay institutionalizm† (p. 2) is a program to cater the need . Apparently, to delay aging was not part of the purpose by which evidence-based methods. Thus the main thrust therefore of evidence base-methods’ was not to experiment whether it could slowdown physiological aging, but assist adults especially towards their physical and normal heath issues. Given the above discussion, evidence-based methods according to Enguidanos operate under three basic statements as follows: â€Å"Some things should be done†, â€Å"This should be done†, and â€Å"This should be done. † Clearly then physiology of aging speaks of the physical weakness of the elderly people as part of the natural processes of the body to grow weak as gets old. The Evidence-base methods is an agency that dealt with this physical problems rather than slowing than the processes of physiological aging. References Enguidanos, S. M. (2006) Evidence-Based Interventions for Community DwellingOlder Adults USA: Haworth Press Rastogi, S. C. (2001) Essentials of Animal Physiology India: Age International White, S. (2007) Grassroots Tennis: Helping Parents and Coaches Teach Kids USA: Lulu. com

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Destiny, Fate, and Free Will in Shakespeares Macbeth Essay -- GCSE En

Macbeth: The Role of Fate Fate plays an important role in Shakespeare's Macbeth. The weird sisters use fate to wreak havoc among the Scottish nobility. Also, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth tempt fate. Later in the play, Malcolm, Macduff and the other revolutionaries try to alter fate. Fate can be many things to many different people. If one believes that fate is all-encompassing, then it becomes a perfect excuse for one's deeds. Yet, to Macbeth fate was something far more complex. Macbeth, upon seeing some truth in the witches’ prophecies, chose to believe all that they spoke and yet occasionally felt that he needed to give fate a hand The weird sisters, consider that fate is not something to be overly concerned with, but rather it is something to be enjoyed. However, their superior, Hecate, obviously thinks that it was important enough to discipline the weird sisters verbally for abusing it. The weird sisters view fate as routinely as Macbeth views water and bread. In Macbeth, it seems, the witches can travel in and out of time at will. Thus, they are able to both see the future and to change its very course. When examined analytically, this ability appears to be an illogical paradox, but Shakespeare's great work is brimming with paradoxes, "Fair is foul, and foul is fair"(I.i.11). The witches seem to already know the consummation of both Macbeth’s and Banquo's respective fates. However, they, for some reason unbeknownst to the audience, deem it necessary to interfere with this fate telling Macbeth and Banquo about their futures. Actions of this nature make it seem as if the... ...n was again his downfall when he became terrified of MacDuff and lost the battle that resulted in his decapitation. While fate can be viewed as something that cannot be altered, the only way a strong person would ever use fate is to his or her advantage. To use fate as a source of stability and grounds for faith in one's own self and one's own abilities is a positive use of fate. However, becoming over-confident in or basing one's few momentous decisions on fate is not a wise undertaking as Macbeth learned. Fate is like religion and any other belief based on intangible ideas: it can be a good excuse to not take control of one's own life and responsibility for one's own decisions. When fate supersedes free will in the order of importance, then chaos is bound to follow.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Self and Mental Abilities

M3) Discuss the effects on self-esteem and self confidence of physical changes associated with ageing Having self-esteem and self-confidence is meaning that you have pride in yourself and having the freedom to believe in yourself and abilities. Not having self-esteem and self-confidence can have devastating effects on individuals well-being . If an older adult was to have a serious fall and harm themselves in a serious way which could affect their mobility in walking around, this could potentially make the individual isolated in their home as they could be too afraid to go outside as it may have knocked their confidence and self-esteem. The effects of the individual having no mobility and the lowering of self-esteem and confidence could make the individual a recluse and could also mean their mental abilities and health might become poorer as they are not being active in the community which would help them with being more social and interacting with others as well as keeping them mentally active. This could also mean that individual might become disengaged in society meaning that their ill health would get worse. Also if they were too loose their self-esteem they may not be able to get it back which would mean they still might be scared to go outside, this would mean that they may become completely isolated from society. Another physical change that could cause lower self and self confidence is if an older adult became incontinent and couldn’t control when they went to the toilet, this would cause embarrassment for the individual as they may never have experienced this problem and it may cause them to feel ashamed and bad about themselves getting older and having these physical changes happening to them which would lower their self esteem and confidence. Emotionally they also might not feel themselves and that they are losing control of their life and may feel they can’t do what they would like to do such as being a active part in the community, seeing friends and family as they may feel to self conscious to go outside as it may happen. It can also be distressing for the individual as personal hygiene is a very personal issue for someone as it may make them feel not in control as they have been which could result in them becoming isolated from everyone causing problems to get worse .

Monday, January 6, 2020

Community Service And Volunteerism - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 1 Words: 364 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/05/06 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Volunteer Essay Did you like this example? Community service can play a crucial role in our happiness, though many people do not take advantage of it. A lot of times people dont want to waste their time with this, because it doesnt benefit them financially. But sometimes the gain from community service can sometimes be more valuable than money itself. Not only can community service open up multiple doors for the future, it can more importantly improve our overall well-being. Many ways community service has a positive impact on our happiness. Its ability to change the world not just for yourself, but for others is used as a key component to achieve greater happiness. Tapping into the ideas that community service gives purpose, Relieves Stress, and it just down right makes you feel good. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Community Service And Volunteerism" essay for you Create order No matter who you are, in life you will end up feeling isolated and volunteering is a way people make that feeling disappear. It helps individuals with mental illnesses and gives people purpose when they need it. There are hundreds of thousands of ways that fit in with everyone who wants to help out through community service. Another thing is that community service is a good stress reliever. There are tons of studies that show when a person volunteers, the brain releases dopamine, which for those who dont know plays a big role in the motivational component of reward-motivated behavior. So pretty much, if you help out others, you are helping yourself too. It is said that things like working with others, as well as pets and animals statistically decreases things like depression, anger, and most of all stress. Its positive effect shapes you and makes you happy. Ultimately, Community service and volunteerism just down right makes you feel good. Your precious time isnt just devoted to you and you are giving it to someone else you feel a sense of accomplishment. This not only makes someone elses situation better, but it helps with your physical and mental health too. It can be used as a tool to stay connected with others and really make a mutual impact on the world. The little things matter just as much and sometimes even greater and everyone can do it.